Throttling is a distinctive and controversial feature of Moira. If you are experiencing a delay or any other strange behavior of notifications, chances are, it is because of throttling.
To understand throttling, imagine two triggers:
- Send notification if CPU load on any of your servers is more than 75%.
- Send notification if there is a fire in your server room.
It is a busy day, your servers are overloaded, and you are receiving a ton of notifications about CPU load. Probably, you already have several dozens of notifications in your inbox. You will likely delete all of them at once, and you probably won’t notice that one of these hundreds of letters was about a fire in your server room.
So, the problem is: one misconfigured trigger spoils everything by spamming your inbox with irrelevant notifications. Moira provides a protection mechanism called throttling. Simple rules:
- If a trigger sends more than 10 notifications per 1 hour, limit this trigger to 1 message per 30 minutes.
- If a trigger sends more than 20 notifications per 3 hours, limit this trigger to 1 message per 1 hour.
It works like this:
- First notification is delivered immediately.
- Second notification is delivered immediately.
- Tenth notification is delivered immediately, and you get a warning: “Please, fix your system or tune this trigger to generate less events.”
- Next notifications are delayed so that you receive one message per 30 minutes/1 hour. Nothing is lost, you just receive one message with a pack of events. Every message contains a warning: “Please, fix your system or tune this trigger to generate less events.”
Moira will enable and disable throttling automatically based on frequency of events.
There are four ways to disable throttling for a specific trigger:
- Obey the warning message. That is, fix your system to generate less events. Or change trigger thresholds. Or
use Graphite functions like
movingAverageto remove spikes from your metric graph. This is the best method to deal with throttling.
- Enable maintenance mode for some of your metrics. This will temporarily disable checking of a metric and give you time to fix the system:
- Manually reset throttling for your trigger. This basically means that you’ve fixed the system and would like to resume operation normally. It won’t help if your trigger is still spamming notifications:
- Entirely disable throttling for a subscription. This is not recommended, unless you really know what you are doing: